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Multilevel analysis of internal migration in a transitional country: The case of Estonia

Book or journal references : Regional Studies, vol. 38, pp. 679-696 (2004).

Author(s) : Kulu , H. and Billari , F. C.

Abstract :

Recent geographical migration studies have aimed at clarifying the impact of both social environment and people's desires and beliefs on migration behaviour. However, most studies have focused on migration in Western countries, using cross-sectional data and single level methods. In this paper, we study the determinants of internal migration in Estonia, a multicultural society., during the transition period (1989-94). We use longitudinal data and apply multilevel event history methods. We show that both personal and contextual (potentially time-varying) factors are important in determining migration propensity. Moreover, several personal determinants - age, employment status, ethnic origin - interact with environmental conditions in shaping behaviour. While our results of the age differences support a traditional life-course-related migration pattern, our results of the differences in migration behaviour by employment status and ethnic origin imply deepening social polarization and ethnic segregation in post-Soviet Estonia as a result of internal migration.


Keywords :

internal migration; multilevel event history analysis; transitional society; ethnicity; Estonia RESIDENTIAL-MOBILITY; INTERSTATE MIGRATION; ECOLOGICAL VARIABLES; UNITED-STATES; LIFE-COURSE; EMPLOYMENT; CANADA; DETERMINANTS; IMMIGRANTS; HISTORY

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