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A new map of Hollywood: The production and distribution of American motion pictures

Book or journal references : Regional Studies, vol. 36, pp. 957-975 (2002).

Author(s) : Scott , A. J.

Abstract :

In this paper, I offer a reinterpretation of the economic geography of the so-called new Hollywood. The argument proceeds in six main stages. First, I briefly examine the debate on industrial organization in Hollywood that has gone on in the literature since the mid-1980s, and I conclude that the debate has become unnecessarily polarized. Second, I attempt to show how an approach that invokes both flexible specialization and systems-house forms of production is necessary to any reasonably complete analysis of the organization of production in the new Hollywood. Third, and on this basis, I argue that the Hollywood production system is deeply bifurcated into two segments comprising: (1) the majors and their cohorts of allied firms on the one hand; and (2) the mass of independent production companies on the other. Fourth, I reaffirm the continuing tremendous agglomerative attraction of Hollywood as a locale for motion-picture production, but I also describe in analytical and empirical terms how selected kinds of activities seek out satellite production locations in other parts of the world. Fifth, I show how the majors continue to extend their global reach by means of their ever more aggressive marketing and distribution divisions, and I discuss how this state of affairs depends on and amplifies the competitive advantages of Hollywood. Sixth and finally, I reflect upon some of the challenges that Hollywood must face up to as new cultural-products agglomerations arise all over the globe, offering potential challenges to its hegemony.


Keywords :

motion-picture industry; cultural economy; Hollywood; agglomeration; regional development; globalization VANCOUVER FILM INDUSTRY; FLEXIBLE SPECIALIZATION; VERTICAL INTEGRATION; CULTURAL ECONOMY; MARKET; ORGANIZATION; CREATIVITY; LOCATION; NETWORKS; POLICY

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