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Scaling innovation in South East Asia: Empirical evidence from Singapore, Penang (Malaysia) and Bangkok

Book or journal references : Regional Studies, vol. 40, pp. 1005-1023 (2006).

Author(s) : Diez , J. R. and Kiese , M.

Abstract :

Our survey of 1600 manufacturing firms in Singapore, Penang (Malaysia) and Bangkok shows that the breadth and efficiency of innovative activities still lag considerably behind those found in 11 European regions. Cooperations are virtually indispensable for corporate innovation processes in the region. Their strong orientation towards headquarters or research and development centres of multinational corporations and lead users in technologically advanced countries yields a discontinuous territorial pattern of linkages in which firms 'leapfrog' neighbouring South East Asian countries (ASEAN), contrasting sharply with the distance-decay pattern found in Europe. Further research should employ multidimensional concepts of space to accommodate the territorial, techno-economic, organizational, relational and temporal dimensions of innovation networks.


Keywords :

regional innovation system RESEARCH-AND-DEVELOPMENT; NATIONAL SYSTEMS; MULTINATIONAL-CORPORATIONS; TECHNOLOGICAL LEADERSHIP; INDUSTRIAL DISTRICTS; SURVEY ERIS; GLOBALIZATION; PROXIMITY; PERSPECTIVE; FIRMS

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